Ecology Programmes Landscape restoration in Ghana

Within this programme we work towards restoration of a degraded forest reserve, the Tain II Forest Reserve, to its former production function, where remnants of the original vegetation are protected and strengthened to become refuges for biodiversity and where land users in and around the reserve use sustainable land practices.


The community farmland surrounding the Tain II Forest Reserve is underdeveloped, fallow or under low productivity agriculture. Road access in and around the reserve is very poor. Due to this poor use and lack of enforcement, illegal farming, cattle herding, illegal logging and poaching have developed without much hindrance, both in and surrounding the reserve. This has left behind a highly degraded landscape where soils, biodiversity, forests and livelihoods of people still continue to degrade, intensified by fires. This urges for improved farming and forest plantation systems that generate income, are sustainably managed and can be scaled up, and the conservation and restoration of ecological important areas.


The overall goal is integral management of a landscape with all stakeholders in order to improve livelihoods, productivity and the protection of biodiversity. The vision for 2030 is a productive ongoing collaboration and dialogue between all stakeholders, and a land that is more productive and agriculture more resilient. This is achieved through improved agricultural and forestry practices.


  • Increase the planted and restored area in and around the forest reserve with 2,200 hectares of which:
    • 1000 hectares of threatened Eastern Guinean lowland forest will be restored along the Tain River.
    • 800 hectares with approximately 200 off-reserve smallholder farmers where the, productivity and economic performance will be enhanced by means of sustainable and climate-smart agriculture, woodlots and perennial crops;
    • 400 hectares of community controlled land within the forest reserve will be restored and productivity enhanced with sustainable tree plantations.
  • Implement these restorative actions in a way that income from agriculture and forestry increases, smallholders get organized effectively and financial mechanisms are in place to upscale to the wider landscape and more communities.
  • Improve landscape governance to actively reduce fire risk, enhance biodiversity conservation and promote restoration of the landscape.

The 10 envisaged impacts

1. Enhanced conservation and sustainable use of the forest landscape.
2. Reduced fire risks and improved fire management.
3. Successful collaboration model of sustainable forest plantation development by smallholders and Form Ghana with mutual economic benefit and fair balance of revenues versus investment.
4. Improved productivity and economic performance of forest plantations and climate smart agriculture for different land use and land tenure types.
5. Enhanced sustainable forest management capacities of various private land users.
6. Strengthened forest landscape governance and improved public sector facilitation of forest plantation actors.
7. Land tenure and usufruct rights clarified and well distributed.
8. Significant reduction of illegal land use practices.
9. Improved infrastructure to facilitate forestry and agricultural activities.
10. Restoration model available to other forestry companies and stakeholders for replication in other landscapes in and outside Ghana.


Forest restoration Ghana is a programme of Form International and Form Ghana.


Key features

Landscape  Forest Reserve Tain II in Ghana
Goals next 4 years  1000 hectares indigeous forest restored
  800 hectares of sustainable and climate-smart agriculture, woodlots and perennial crops on smallholder farms
  400 hectares of sustainable and productive tree plantations
  Employment of 100 people
  Increase disposable income of 250 families
  Reduced fire risks and improved fire management